Palestinian Refugees Not Resolved

IMRA – Independent Media Review and Analysis

Recently an American think tank approached IMRA for help in finding an
authoritative presentation of the “Beilin-Mazen Plan”. While the plan
is
frequently referred to and served as the basis for the “Beilin-Eitan
Plan”
signed by members of the Likud and Labor parties and was also endorsed
by
various Labor MKs, the actual text of the plan has never been released
to
the public.

MK Yosse Beilin’s legislative aide, Orit Shani, explained to IMRA that
only
three people have ever actually seen the text – Beilin, Mazen and
Shimon
Peres. She provided an article by “Maariv” reporter Oded Granot as a
presentation of the principles of the
plan.

It should be noted that, since the text of the actual plan is not
available,
this material is, at best, the Israeli interpretation of the plan.
There is
no a priori reason to believe that this secret unsigned document is any
less
fraught with ambiguities than the official Oslo documents.

The following are the features of the plan as presented in Oded
Granot’s
article which appeared in “Maariv” on 11 October, 1996:

  • An independent Palestinian state will be established which will
    remain
    demilitarized.
  • The IDF will be deployed on the Jordan border. Warning stations will
    be
    established on the crest of the hill.
  • Changes will be made in the current borders. The Green Line is not
    holy.
    In exchange for Israeli annexation of areas in the West Bank, Israel
    will
    transfer alternative areas to the Palestinians. Among those mentioned:
    the
    Halutza area, south of Hebron, near the
    Gaza Strip.
  • Asymmetric land swaps. In return for Israel receiving a larger area,
    the
    Palestinians will receive areas with other advantages, for example,
    Israel
    forfeiting territorial control of the “Safe Passages” linking Gaza with
    the
    West Bank [these are Israeli roads passing by Israeli cities
    which
    carry regular Israeli traffic along with Palestinian traffic – IMRA],
    rights
    to use the Ashdod Port, etc.
  • The capital of the Palestinians state will not be east Jerusalem,
    rather,
    for symbolic purposes, the adjacent village – Abu Dis. Almost half of
    the
    document deals with the problem of Jerusalem, Among other things a
    municipality under joint management with details of the way that the
    various
    municipal boroughs would handle municipal matters.
  • The Temple Mount will be an extraterritorial area under Palestinian
    management.
  • It is agreed that the Palestinian state will not be limited in
    absorbing
    refugees within its area, and in return the Palestinians will commit to
    forego the right of return of the refugees to the area within the Green
    Line. The refugees will qualify for compensation. A new
    international
    body will be established, headed by Swedes, which will take the place
    of the
    UNRWA. Israel will commit to financially help the rehabilitation of the
    refugees of Lebanon.
  • The large concentrations of settlements in the West Bank will remain
    under
    Israeli sovereignty- having 100,000 settlers. No Israeli settlement
    will be
    uprooted from its place. The settlements which will remain in the area
    being
    transferred to Palestinian sovereignty will have Israeli protection and
    defense.
  • The possibility of the establishment of a Jordanian Palestinian
    confederation is an open option, without going into details of Jordan’s
    role
    in the final agreement.

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